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Plenary and Semi-Plenary Sessions

 

Parallel lectures

 

Workshops and Discussion Groups


Download Plenary PDF (61Kb)

 

 

THURSDAY, 12 JULY 2007

 

First plenary session: 10.00-11.30

 

 

 

Emotions: Psychology and empathy

 

AP01

Understanding emotional competence

 

Klaus R. SCHERER, Professor

 

Institution: Swiss Centre for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

 

Brief biography: Professor of Psychology and Director of the Swiss Centre for Affective Sciences and the Geneva Emotion Research Group. Research specialization: the different components of emotion processes and emotional competence. Numerous book and journal publications.

 

Abstract:

summary of the current view of emotion as a process driven by a cognitive evaluation of significant events in our material and social environment. The outcome of this appraisal process leads to the preparation of adaptive responses that help to cope with the consequences of the emotion-eliciting situation. In addition, through their expression in face, voice and body, the emotions serve as important signalling devices in human interaction, capable of producing empathic responses from our social environment and serving strategic purposes in interpersonal relations. Special attention will be given to the notion of “emotional competence”: responding with appropriate emotions to relevant events, regulating emotional arousal in response to internal monitoring and social norms, and mastering interpersonal skills related to recognizing the emotions of others and responding with empathy. Recent advances in diagnosing emotional competence and approaches to the development of these skills are described.

 

Web site address:http://www.affective-sciences.ch/scherer

 

 

AP01

Empathy: to be concerned by others

 

Boris CYRULNIK,Professor, Psychologist,Neuro-psychiatrist

Director of teaching Ethology-Attachment

 

Institution: University of Toulon, France

 

Brief Biography: Director of teaching Ethology-Attachment, is one of the pioneers of French ethology. He is also a neuro-psychiatrist, psychoanalyst and psychologist, author of many books, translated into 14 languages. He has been studying the human being in all its complexity and vulnerability, richness and anxiety.

 

Abstract:

To be concerned by others requires an ability not to be self-centred. We need a secure base to feel the pleasure of exploration. When we are supported by a secure attachment we can develop this ability - sometimes too much, as in masochism, and sometimes not enough, when it leads to sadism.

 

 

 

 

Semi-plenary sessions: 12.00-13.15 and 17.00-18.15

 

 

 

Research programmes on TES work and volunteers

 

AS01

AS02

 

The influence of personality, emotional competence and empathy on emotion-regulation: dealing with emotions in different types of social interaction

 

Research programme Geneva University – Switzerland

Tanja Wranik, Katia Schenkel & Klaus Scherer

 

Social interactions are enriching, challenging, and filled with a multitude of emotional experiences. Indeed, most emotions occur in social interactions, and knowing how to deal effectively with emotions in different contexts is a key to successful interpersonal relationships. Although there is no doubt that the training and services provided by IFOTES-affiliated organizations is excellent, we know little about the personalities and emotional competences of these volunteers or what makes them successful in various social interactions. For example, it seems reasonable to expect that different types of individuals are more or less at ease in specific social interactions. Some may feel more comfortable with aggressive callers; others may deal more effectively with anxiety and depression. A better understanding of IFOTES volunteers - and their personalities, emotional skills, and empathy - would allow us to determine whether there is a “good fit” between volunteers and their ability to manage specific emotional situations. This in turn would help trainers adapt their programs to individual differences and ensure that volunteers learn the best possible strategies to manage their emotions and the emotions of others when responding to callers.

 

The purpose of this research is to examine personality differences, emotional competences, and empathy of IFOTES volunteers, and to determine how each volunteer’s unique blend of individual skills and preferences helps them deal with specific social-emotional interactions. In particular, we will focus on understanding how volunteers regulate their own emotions and the emotions of their callers and how these behaviours affect social interactions, health, and well-being both within and outside the environment of the IFOTES-affiliated help-line centre. We anticipate that some behaviours and skills learned within the IFOTES organization transfer to the work and home environment, while others are specific to the call-center, work or home environment. We hope this research will allow us to gain insight into the personalities and emotional competences of IFOTES volunteers, the emotional situations they encounter, and to identify the most effective emotion-regulation strategies for different individuals and situations.

 

Web site address:http://www.affective-sciences.ch

 

 

AS01

AS02

The letter in a bottle in the Internet Ocean: implicit requests for help in e-mails sent to Telefono Amico Italia

 

Research Programme Padua University – Italy

Ines Testoni, Paola Fornasier, Luca Rusi

 

The e-mail service provided by Telefono Amico in Italy offers the opportunity to find help when the final and irreversible crossing appears as a possibility. The analysis of e-mail texts - written by individuals who turn to Telefono Amico with an open or latent request for help in handling suicidal intention - intends to study a number of descriptive ambits in order to make inferences about the universe of representations that characterise suicidal thought. In particular, the aim is to analyse the connection between grief and its representations in relation to the coping abilities on which the operator can act to allow the person asking for help to find new routes that can be alternative to the choice of death, as they are already open in the person’s own world of representations.

 

The research group from the University of Padua intends to use these texts to study two areas. One: the forms of grief that make life unbearable (anguish about the life-death relationship; knowing that one has to die makes living meaningless; and the representation of the non-sustainability of life, with grief as the physical dimension and suffering as the psychological dimension). Two: how individuals who cope with the idea of suicide find specific reasons to go on living (this dimension is analysed via the Reasons For Living Scale defined by Linehan et al., 1983). The type of computer analysis carried out on the texts is qualitative (Atlas-t) and qualitative-quantitative (Spad-t).

 

 

 

 

Second plenary session: 15.00-16.30

 

 

Emotions: Neurosciences and…...football

 

AP02

The compassionate brain: emotional activation and the transformation of novel experiences into new neuronal connectivity patterns

 

Gerald HÜTHER, Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Dr. med. habil.

 

Institution: Georg-August-University, Göttingen, Germany

 

Brief Biography: Professor of neurobiology, Head of the Neurobiological Research Unit at the Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Göttingen, Germany. Author of “The compassionate brain” – Trumpeter Publ. Boston 2006.

 

Abstract:

By far the most significant finding in the field of neurobiological research in recent years is the discovery that the neuronal and synaptic connections in the human brain can be altered. The neuronal connectivity especially in the higher cortical brain regions depends to a far greater extent than previously believed on how – or rather, for which purpose – an individual uses his brain, the goals pursued, the experiences made in the course of his life, the models used for orientation, the factors providing emotional stability and a sense of commitment. All this is shaped in an experience-dependent process of brain plasticity and can therefore be altered by novel experiences made in later life or in the course of therapeutic interventions. This reorganization is not easy and does not always happen; favourable circumstances are early intervention, reactivation of psycho-affective resources, restoration of trust and connectedness.

 

Web site address: www.psychiatrie.med.uni-goettingen.de

 

 

AP02

Emotions and football

 

Andy ROXBURGH, technical director UEFA

 

Institution: UEFA, headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

 

Brief Biography: UEFA Technical Director (1994-present); FIFA Technical and Development Committee Member; Member of FIFA and UEFA Technical Study Groups (TSG) at major tournaments; Former Scottish Football Association Technical Director.

Coaching history:Scotland coach, 1990 FIFA World Cup and EURO 92 (1986-1993); Former Scotland Youth and U-21 coach.

 

Abstract: soon available

 

Web site address: www.uefa.com

 

 

 

 

 

FRIDAY, 13 JULY 2007

 

Plenary session: 9.00-10.30

 

 

Emotions: Philosophy and Meditation

 

BP01

Emotional experiences when life has no meaning: a philosophical approach

 

 

Roberto GARAVENTA, Professor

 

Institution: University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy

 

Brief Biography: at the University of Pescara-Chieti he holds the chairs of 19th and 20th century philosophy, philosophical anthropology, and political philosophy.
Specialisation: German philosophers of the 19th and 20th centuries, works on suicide, boredom, death, anxiety, religion.

 

Abstract:
If intense and existential boredom (not to be confused with occasional or circumstantial boredom) is a condition of our mind caused by a loathing of the monotony of everyday life or the perception that our existence lacks meaning, we are overcome by a sense of anxiety. This may be because we have to make a decision about our future, or that we are obliged to recognise our personal limits, weaknesses, loneliness or the decline of our life leading to death.

 

Web site address: www.unich.it/filosofia/filosofia/docenti

 

 

 

BP01

Mastery of the self and circumstances through Raja Yoga Meditation

 

Sister Jayanti KIRPALANI

 

Institution: Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University (UK), London, UK

 

Brief Biography: European Director, BKWSU.Practitioner and teacher of meditation for nearly 40 years. Experienced speaker/broadcaster in 80+ countries. Publications include: God's Healing Power (2002), Practical Meditation (2000), Meditation for Extremely Busy People (2000), Relaxing the Mind (2000)

 

Abstract:

In a world affected by crises of different types, people working in telecommunications are often the first point of contact in an emergency. The qualities needed to play such a role are coolness, clarity and the ability to respond with empathy and compassion.Raja Yoga is an ancient form of meditation whose re-discovery in modern times equates to mastery of thoughts, feeling and emotions, a state of peace, truth, stability and clarity.In this plenary session and workshop, we will focus on understanding the mind and the mechanisms with which it operates. The aim is to attain mastery of the self and the power to deal with our own emotional needs, as well as those of our families and colleagues, and to help others in the world who connect with us at their time of need.We will use a combination of functional and experiential exercises to explore how the theory of meditation can be put into daily practice.

 

Web site address: www.bkwsu.org

 

 

 

 

SATURDAY, 14 JULY 2007

 

First plenary session: 9.00-10.30

 

 

Emotions and Communication

 

CP01

War and Peace